HMT Southcoates

Hostilities Only Ordinary Signalman Brooks’ first draft after training was His Majesty’s Trawler (HMT) Southcoates.

Built in 1918, she was christened Samuel Drake and launched from yard no.363 into the River Clyde  by builders Bow McLachlan & Company of Paisley.  Bow, McLachlan & Co. had entered the specialist shipbuilding market in ‘knock-down’ vessels. These were bolted together at the shipyard, then all the parts marked with numbers, disassembled into many hundreds of parts and transported in kit form for final reassembly. This elaborate method was used to provide vessels for inland use or lakes that had no navigation to the open sea.

At the outset, The Admiralty found itself in a similar position to the Great War of 1918. To protect merchant shipping from enemy warships & U-Boats, the convoy system had to be introduced. To facilitate the protection of the convoys, escorts had to be requisitioned from the trawler fleets around the UK or built from scratch. Hence the Samuel Drake being commissioned as a minesweeper in 1918 and again in 1940 as HMT Southcoates. During the inter-war period, the Samuel Drake became Rhodolite (H5) and registered as a working Trawler with the Kingston Steam Trawling Co Ltd of Hull.

To facilitate command & control of the Home Waters of the UK, areas of coastline were divided into Naval and Sub Commands, each with an allocated Base ship or shore establishment. Newcastle Command covered the North East coast from Berwick down to Flamborough Head near Bridlington.

North Shields Sub-Command was the home of the 8th Mine-sweeping Flotilla consisting of Glen Avon , Glen Gower , Glen Usk, Laguna Belle, Snaefell, Southsea and Thames Queen, the supporting ungrouped Minesweeping Trawlers Clifton, Henriette, New Comet, Witham and the Minesweeping Drifters  June, Rose and Summer Rose. HMT Southcoates acted as an Auxiliary patrol vessel along with Donna Nook, Ethel Taylor, Kopanes, Morgan Jones and Wyoming. The ‘fleet’ was completed by six Lookout Drifters. HMS Calliope under Rear Adm W G C Maxwell CMG Rtd was designated Base ship.

From 13th October 1941 until 20th January 1942, Ordinary Signalman Brooks began active service off the North East coast on HMT Southcoates. In a vessel with a top speed of just 10.5 knots and carrying a single 12 pounder gun on her fo’c’sle, the crew began sweeping mines from the War-Channel.


THE WAR CHANNEL

The Admiralty had learned during the First World War that defensive minelaying was an important means of protecting vulnerable coastal traffic. Soon after the declaration of hostilities, the Navy threw down the vast Dover Barrage minefield. Over 10,000 mines laid both deep and shallow, combined with cables, nets and submarine detection loops that would effectively close the channel between Dover and Cap Griz Nez on the French coast.

His Majesty's Minesweepers, a propaganda fuelled account of life aboard a sweeper (HMSO 1943)

Along the east coast stretched the East Coast Mine Barrage from the Moray Firth to the Thames Estuary. Between the barrage and the coast lay the War Channel, under a mile wide and swept daily for both German and allied drifting mines.  Marked by floating buoys at half-mile intervals and divided into 2 lanes for north and southbound convoys, the War Channel became an artery for east coast shipping, especially for the colliers which supplied London with over ten million tons of coal from Scottish coalfields.

Every day, in all weathers, the minesweeping trawlers would begin where they left off the day before. With a crew of 23, every man had a sweeping station or gun mount. When a trawler brought down an enemy aircraft she was entitled to paint a swastika on her funnel. Painted Chevrons denoted the number of mines swept, white for a single mine, red for five, blue for twenty-five, red for fifty. The food in the galley was tasty and well cooked. Men slept in beds, not hammocks. The favourite recreation in between sweeps were draughts and dominoes. Life on a trawler was a little less regimental than on a Destroyer but no less professional.

HMT Southcoates survived the war and was broken up for scrap in January 1946. For Ordinary Signalman Brooks, January 1942 brought a change of scenery and a rail warrant to Lowestoft.



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